Kurnool is the state capital of Andhra Pradesh from October 1st 1953 to November 1st 1956. Kurnool is the main town and headquarters of the Kurnool district. The name Kurnool is said to have originated in the form of “kandanavolu”
The district is bounded on the north by the Tungabhadra, Krishna Rivers and the Mahabubnagar district of the Telangana state, on the south by Kadapa and Anantapur, on the west by the Bellary district of Karnataka and the Prakasam districts on the east.
According to the 2011 census of the district, the state constitutes 4.63% of the total population. The district is 10th in terms of population with 40,53,463 people.
Nallamalla and Erramalla are two important mountain ranges parallel to the northern and southern parts of the district. The district divides the district into two well-defined routes from east to west.
The land lies in the northern part of the Krishna and Penna rivers in the northern part of the Pagdalla Zone, which is about 1000 feet above sea level. From this height the Kundu River flows towards the Penna River on the south. All the soils in the river basin are blackened soils.
Tungabhadra (tributary Handri), Krishna and Kundu are major rivers in the district. The Tungabhadra flows from the Western Ghats and the Telangana region to the east, after a short distance separates it from Kurnool and flows along the river Hundri and Krishna on its northern boundary.
In India Kurnool is the only city that is located in between 2 rivers one is Tungabhadra and another is Hundri. The famous Konda Reddy Fort also popularly known as Kondareddy Buruju is located in the heart of Kurnool city.
On Road: Kurnool is connected to most cities and towns in Andhra Pradesh and to Bangalore and Chennai by the state road transport corporation (APSRTC). National Highway 7 connects it to Hyderabad (210km, 3.5hrs) and Bangalore (360km, 6hrs).
On Train: Kurnool lies on the Hyderabad – Bangalore railway line and there is a daily service. There are also frequent passenger trains to Hyderabad throughout the day. Air: Hyderabad is the nearest airport.
Places of Interest Around Kurnool:
- Belum Caves
- Rollapadu Sanctuary
- Orvakal Rock Garden
- Adoni Shahi Jamia Masjid
- Nawab Bunglow, Banganapalle
- Adoni Fort
- Alganur Reservoir, Nandikotkur
- Temple Alampur
- Temple Mahanandi
- Kalvabugga Village
- Konda Reddy Fort
- Mantralayam Bridge
- Nallamala Hills
- Nallamala Forest
- Pudur Village
- Rollapadu, Nandikotkur
- Srisailam Rope Way
- Srisailam Abhayaranyam
- Srisailam Ghat Road
- Velugodu Dam
- YSR Smrithi Vanam, Atmakur
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